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The B.S.-Chorus

Tap Dance Research N°10 - a tapdance research book by Victor Cuno (542 p). The famous afro-american routine was the foundation for black Buck-And-Wing dancing. All about this fabulous style in this large documentation. The techniques, Write-Ups of the B.S-Chorus, Historical documents, Research doc. 1485 p.

Last update: October 29, 2021

 

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The B.S.-Chorus

a Victor Cuno tap research book

 

Part 1

Presentation:

Introduction p. 22

The set-up of the B.S.-Chorus p. 23

The B.S.-Pattern & The B.S.-Break p. 24

Techniques & Variations:

The Time-Step in the 1920s p. 25

The Individual Time-Step Mix p. 26

The Time-Step in the 1930s / The Revival / Start p. 27

The B.S.-Pattern p. 27

The Maxieford in the B.S.-Break p. 29

The Lazy Maxieford p. 31

The B.S.-Break in the 1930s p. 33

The B.S.-Break in white Show-business p. 34

Standard / Gene Kelly

Alternative versions of the B.S.-Break p. 35

B.S-Pattern + Waltzclog / Sand-Pattern + Maxieford / B.S.-Pattern

into Time-Step / Jump-Rope / B.S.-Pattern into 2nd part of Time-Step Break

Other Breaks used in the B.S.-Chorus p .38

Bill Robinson / Machine-Gun Break

The Time-Step Crossover p. 39

Standard execution / 1920s Vaudeville technique / Bill Robinson

Crossover / from the 3rd execution into the Break

The B.S.-Crossover p. 41

> a special version starting with the B.S.-Pattern

The Buck-And-Wing p. 42

Standard / Syncopated / Concert-Style: Paul Draper and the Buck-And-Wing

Buck-And-Wing 2-3-3 Combination / A very special combination

from Leap-Over to Over-The-Top p. 46

Hitch-Kick & Leap-Over 

Over-The-Top p. 50

a / 1920s Over-The-Top - the real thing

b /  Buffalo Over-The Top

c / special: Over-The-Top against a wall

d / 1930s Over-The-Top

Other Over-The-Top techniques p. 53

a1 / just sliding > Original Over-The-Top / a2 / just sliding > with a toe

b / alternative - with touch

c / easy and stylish

d / … clever imitations

Corkscrew Over-The-Top p. 55

Leap-Over - Standard version - stepping down

1930s Over-The-Top Specials p. 56

Syncopated Glide > 1920s Syncopated Glide p. 58

Over-The-Top & Syncopated-Glide p. 59

a / 1920s style - the real thing

b / 1920s style: stepping down

c / 1930s’ execution: stylish with a touch or a toe

d / Song-And-Dance Over-The-Top

 

Close-To-The-Floor Over-The-Top p. 63

Bandy-Twist Over-The-Top p. 64

Over-The-Top / Buck-And-Wing / Gene Kelly

Rhythmic Evolutions of the Syncopated-Glide p. 67

1 / Adding Shuffles

2 / Maxieford Over-The-Top

3 / Rhythm Syncopated-Glide > filled-in 

The Syncopated-Glide Breakp. 70

1930s - Pattern & Syncopated-Glide p. 72

a / with a 1920s Buck-And-Wing-Style Pattern

1 / Maxieford-Break & Syncopated Glide

2 / Machine-Gun Offbeat & Syncopated Glide

3 / Rolling Shuffle-Pull-Change & Syncopated Glide

4 /  Syncopated-Glide Turn

5 / Wing-Change & Syncopated Glide

b / 1930s Creations

1a / Run-On + brush-hops & Syncopated Glide

1b / Run-On + pick-hop & toe-hop & Syncopated Glide

2 / Brush-hop swing & Syncopated Glide

3 / brush-hop with 3 toes & Syncopated Glide

4 /  Cincinnati

5 /  Syncopated Kick-Up

6 /  Syncopated Hitch-Kick

7 /  Two Specials with Pendulum-Wing

 

Through-The-Trenches p. 82

The Finishing Breaks p. 83

Shave-And-A-Haircut / The Lock-Turn

The Syncopated-Glide in White Show-Business p. 88

The B.S.-Pattern in White Show-business p. 89

Buffalo Time-Step / Traveling Time-Step / Double-Buck

Full-Break / Gene Kelly special

Time-Steps combined with the B.S.-Pattern p. 93

1 / Regular Time-Step & B.S.-Pattern

2 / One-Foot Time-Step & B.S.-Pattern

3 / Triple-Hop Time-Step & B.S.-Pattern

The Military B.S.-Pattern p. 95

B.S.-Pattern / B.S.-Break / A nice Syncopated Combination

Maxieford Over-The-Top p. 97

Buck-And-Wing Combination / Syncopated Glide

Syncopated Glide Break / Maxieford-Break / Swing-Rhythm

One-Foot Over-The-Top p. 101

Leap-Over-The-Leg / Step-Over / 1930s Over-The-Top

Back-Front Over-The-Top p. 103

1 / stationary

a / Leap-Over

b / Foot on the floor

c / foot on floor & 1 sound

2 / Over-The-Top Travel

a / leap-over

b / keeping the foot on floor

c / original Over-The-Top with a toe

Over-The-Top Combinations p. 105

1 / Corkscrew Over-The-Top

2 / Fake-Wing

3 / Falling-Down-The-Stairs

4 / Falling-Off-A-Log

5 / Irish

6 / Maxieford & Over-The-Top

7 / Mule-Kick & Over-The-Top

8 / Over-The-Top Turn

9 / Russian

Wing-And-Over-The-Top Combinations p. 111

a / the great classic

b / syncopated

c / Wing-And-Over-The-Top 2

d / Wing-Change 1

e / Wing-Change 2

 

Part 1

B.S.-Chorus - The Revival

A  / The Current Standard Version

Eddie Brown p. 115

as learned by the author

 

B / The Standard Set-Up with slight Variations

1Leon Collins p. 117

as learned by the author

2a) Cookie Cook p. 119

dancers: Cookie Cook - Brenda Bufalino - Kevin Ramsey

from the Video "The Essentials Of Tap »

b) Brenda Bufalino p. 121

dancers: Cookie Cook - Brenda Bufalino - Kevin Ramsey

from the Video "The Essentials Of Tap »

3‘Eddie Brown’ p. 123

as demonstrated by Howard Blume

YouTube Clip

 

C / The Standard Set-Up with alternative Breaks

1 Honi Coles & Cholly Atkins p. 125

included in the "camera 3" documentary with Marshall Stearns tempo: 240

2 Honi Coles 

a) from the documentary "The Class Act Of Tap" (DVD) tempo: 336 p. 129

b) from the documentary "Two Takes On Tap" (JTE performance) p. 132

3 The Copasetics > German TV

Buster Brown, Bubba Gaines, Cookie Cook, Sandman Sims p. 135

from German TV-Special (VC-Collection, TAP N° 8

4 The Copasetics «Great Feats Of Feet»

documentary (Brenda Bufalino, 1975/76)

a) from L to R: Ernest Brown, Buster Brown, Bubba Gaines, Arthur Gibson p. 144

b) Charles ‘Cookie’ Cook / Honi Coles / Leslie ‘Bubba’ Gaines p. 150

c) The Copasetics (Step 1 & 4) p. 158

5 The Copasetics

YouTubeClip provided by Brian Seibert

Honi Coles, Cookie Cook, Bubba Gaines, Buster Brown, Ernest Brown p. 160

6 «Gaines-Hines-Cook»

(1980) -  from the Sidney J. Stiber Collection( RAW FOOTAGE OF FILMING ) p. 172

7 Brenda Bufalinop. 177

from the Video "Where The Action Is" - Tap Intensive 1993 N° 2

 

D /  Step 1 to 3 Standard Version with alternative Breaks,

alternative Step 4

1 The Copasetics «No Maps On My Taps»

from the DOC "No Maps On My Taps 1974 (DVD)

Sandman Sims, Chuck Green, Bunny Briggs p. 179

2 The Copasetics on «BET» 

USA TV (YouTubeClip)

Sandman Sims, Bunny Briggs, Jimmy Slyde p. 184

3 Henry LeTangp. 191

as learned by the author 

 

 

E /  The Standard Set-Up with alternative Steps

1 Ralph Brown > alternative Time-Step p. 194

2 Lavaughn Robinson (as taught by Robert Burden) p. 196

performed by TAPwalker (International Dance Camp,

Taipei National Institute of the Arts, Taiwan, summer 2004)

 

F /  Versions with extensions:

1 The Hoofers«Fascinatin’ Rhythm» p. 199

Berlin, 1966

B.S.-Chorus (Rhythm-Version) followed by solos

Buster Brown / Jimmy Slyde / Baby Lawrence / Chuck Green

2 The Hoofers «Doin’ The New Low Down» p. 210

B.S.-Chorus (Rhythm-Version) with solos

TV-Clip of a stage show (edited) France, 1967

3 The Hoofers «Perdido» p. 227

provided by Brian Seibert, unidentified tape from 1972

Buster Brown / Albert ‘Gip’ Gibson / Fred Kelly / Chuck Green /Jimmy Slyde / Ralph Brown

4 Chuck Green & Ralph Brown «B.S.-Chorus extended»

provided by Brian Seibert, unidentified tape from 1972 p. 247

 

 

Part 2

The B.S.-Chorus - Historic Documents

19262 Black Boys «Scar Of Shame» p. 263

DVD «The Origins Of Film» disc 1

1930Louis Douglas & 2 Girls «Einbrecher» p. 269

Germany (UFA, 1930), (DVD)

Edward Coles «Happy Feet» p. 276

«Noble Sissle & Orchestra» (British Pathé, 1930)

 

unidentified dancer  «Check & Double Check» p. 279

(RKO, October 25, 1930)

The Three Eddies«Elstree Calling» p. 280

A. Hitchcock, 1930 (UK)

1932unidentified Tap-Duet «B.S.-Chorus» p. 284

from «The Girl from Chicago» (Micheaux Productions, 1932) DVD

The Nicholas Brothers «China Boy» p. 289

from «Pie, Pie Blackbird» (Vitaphone, June 4, 1932)

1933Harold Nicholas «The Emperor Jones» p. 297

(United Artists, Sept. 29, 1933)

1935Harold Nicholas «Miss Brown To You» p. 298

from «The Big Broadcast of 1936» (Paramount, September 20, 1935)

B.S.-Buck-And-Wing Chorus

The Nicholas Brothers «Down Argentine Way - Finale» p. 302

choreographer: Nick Castle (20th Century Fox, 1940)

1936The Two Mackays «Do The Run Around» p. 303

from the UK 1936 feature film «She Shall Have Music»

1937Yvonne Moray (wh) «Swing for Sale» p. 304

from «Movie-Mania» (Vitaphone, May 8, 1937)

1938Boy & Girl Chorus «B.S.-Chorus»p. 306

from the film «The Duke Is Tops»  (Million Dollar Productions, 1938)

The 4 Specs «Sticks And Stones» p. 315

release date: Jan 4, 1943 footage taken from «Sweet Shoe»

(Nu Atlas, Jan 4, 1938)

1939Edna Mae Harris«Harlem Serenade» p. 317

from «Paradise in Harlem»  (Jubilee Pictures Corp., 1939)

Chris Gill «Heart Full Of Rhythm» p. 319

(British Pathé, 1939)

1943The Sepia Steppers / Cook & Brownp. 321

from the Soundie «Chatter» (1943)

1946 July Jones & Howard Galloway «B.S.-Chorus» p. 328

from «Dirty Gertie From Harlem USA» (Sack,1946)

1947Sammy Davis Jr. «B.S.-Chorus» (beginning) p. 330

a / from «Sweet and Low» (short) Paramount, March 28, 1947

b / from «Colgate Comedy Hour» # 2.25, February 17, 1951»

c / «Texaco Star Theatre» hosted by Milton Berle (March 30, 1954)

1949Nicky O’Daniel«B.S.-Chorus into Vernacular» p. 338

«Harlem After Midnight» May 10, 1949

 

Part 3

Buck-And-Wing Routines

(based on the B.S.-Chorus)

1928Josephine Baker «The Fireman Of The Folies Bergère» p. 341

(France, 1928) silent short

1929The Four Covans «Welcome Home» p. 343

from «On With The Show» (Warner Bros., July 13,1929)

The Four Covans  «Lift The Juleps To My Two Lips» p. 362

from «On With The Show» (Warner Bros., July 13,1929)

Dewey & Willie Covan «Singin’ In The Bathtub» p. 369 

from «The Show Of Shows» (Warner Bros., Nov 24,1929)

About Willie Covan p. 374

19302 black Boys «Music Rackett» p. 376

Vitaphone, June,1930 (Vitaphone Production Reel #1004)

The Three Eddies «Doin' The New Low Down» (solo) p. 379

from «Elstree Calling» (BIP, UK, September 29, 1930)

1931Chick Horsey «Happy Days Are Here Again» p. 389

from «The Three Eddies» (British Pathe, May 11, 1931

Roland Holder «Shine» p. 394

from «The Exile» (Oscar Micheaux, May 16, 1931)

1932Oscar Micheaux Films p. 403

unidentified black dancer in front of Girl-Chorus

«Girl From Chicago»

(Oscar Micheaux Productions,1932)

«Ten Minutes To Live»

(Oscar Micheaux Productions,1932)  ( DVD)

1933Sammy Davis Jr. «Rufus Jones for President» p. 407

(Vitaphone, September 9, 1933) 

Bunny Briggs «Slow Poke» p. 413

(Skibo-Short, 1932)

1935The Nicholas Brothers «An All Colored Vaudeville Show» p. 415

(Vitaphone, Sept 6, 1935)

1936unidentified black Boy «Sweet Georgia Brown» p. 426

from «Carnival Day» (Vitaphone, January 11, 1936)

1938Tyler Twins «Bye Bye Blues» p. 430

«Swing» (Oscar Micheaux, 1938) / «God's Step Children» (1938)

1943The Mitchell Brothers «Sweet Kisses» p. 443

Soundie # 75 dec 21, 1943

1940sunidentified dancer (m/b) «Cafe Zanzibar» p. 447

from a not yet identified short filmed in the late 1940s featuring

New York’s fashionable night clubs

1940Miller Brothers & Lois  «Nightclub–Act» p. 450

from «Hi-De-Ho» (All American, May 9, 1947)

 

The Four Step Brothers «Holy Moly» SOLOS on TV p. 452

> mosty solos Maceo Anderson / Al Williams

19521 «Colgate Comedy Hour» #1 with Martin & Lewis (April 27, 1952)

19532 «Colgate Comedy Hour» with Martin & Lewis (May 31, 1953)

19543 «Toast Of The Town» Episode #8.5, (CBS, October 10, 1954)

19554 «Colgate Comedy Hour» with Martin & Lewis

Episode 5.17(NBC, February 13, 1955)

Intro-Routine with cane + Holy Moly & full Shim-Sham finale

19565 «Texaco Star Show» Episode #8.9 (March 13, 1956)

1957The Steve Allen Show

19666 The Dean Martin Show # 1.27 (?) (NBC, March 24, 1966)

19667 «The Dean Martin Show» # 0709

(November 10, 1966) DVD «The Best Of The Dean Martin Show»

Maceo Anderson > unidentified film p. 453

Maceo Anderson Colgate > 1 & 2 p. 456

Maceo Anderson > 3 & 4 p. 462

Maceo Anderson > 6 & 7 p. 467

Al Williams > 1 & 2 / 3 p. 473

Al Williams > 6 & 7p. 477

«That’s Entertainment» «Steve Allen Show» (1957) p. 481

1966Peter Ray «Buck-And-Wing Routine» p. 484

«Jackie Gleason: American Scene Magazine»

1980Cook / Hines / Gaines «Sweet Georgia Brown» p. 488

«Black Broadway» Off-Broadway Production

(Episode #4.18, January 15, 1966)

REVCharles ‘Cookie’ Cook p. 491

from a black Show hosted by Harold Nicholas

«Doin' The New Low Down» p. 493

from a german TV-SPECIAL with the Copasetics

«Buddies» p. 496

as learned by the author through Heather Cornell

REVThe Copasetics «Chair Dance» p. 499

REVChuck Green on Jack Wiggins «King Tap» p. 503

as learned by the author

REVGeorge Hillman «Buck Dance» p. 510

American Jazz Festival (1987)

REVHenry LeTang «Rhythm-Buck Routine» p. 515

as learned by the author, Las Vegas, 1992

 

Part 4

Research documents

 

The Steps of the B.S.-Chorus

variations, origins & evolutions

 

1 / Time-Step + B.S.-Break

(in other than B.S.-Buck Routines)

listing of the documents p. 518

documentsp. 519

2 / Time-Step & Crossover (+ B.S.-Break)

listing of the documents p. 535

documents:

a / 16 bars: Time-Step & Crossover (+ B.S.-Break) p. 537

(in other than B.S.-Buck Routines)

b / Crossover (+ B.S.-Break)

1 / standard technique p. 551

2 / vaudeville technique p. 554

3 / 4-4-8 Crossover Combination p. 457

3 / B.S.-Crossover + B.S.-Break

listing of the documents p. 559

documents:

a / standard p. 560

b / variations p. 568

c / One-Foot Crossover > special p. 569

4 / Buck-And-Wing Combination

listing of the documents p. 573

a / The Standard Combination p. 575

b / The Buck-And-Wing Combination with a Turn p. 580

c / The Buck-And-Wing Combination with a Lazy Maxieford p. 581

d /  The 1930s Buck-And-Wing p. 583

e / The 1930s Rhythm Buck-And-Wing p. 584

f / Buck-And-Wing into Over-The-Top p. 585

g / The Buck-And-Wing Combination simplified p. 586

 

5 / Buck-And-Wing Variations

listing of the documents p. 589

a / Buck-And Wing into Bandy-Twist p. 593

b / Buck And-Wing into Over-The-Top p. 594

c / Louis DaPron’s Buck-And-Wing p. 596

d / Concert-Tap: Paul Draper p. 598

e /  Wing-Toe-Toe Combination + Buck-And-Wing Combination p. 604

f / Buck-And-Wing 3-3-2 Combination p. 610

g / Buck-And-Wing - other variations p. 621

d / Rhythm Buck-And-Wing p.624

6 / Buck-Dance Combinations + B.S.-Break

listing of the documents p. 627

a / Falling-Off-A-Log p. 628

b / Double-Buck Time-Step p. 629

c / No-Name Combinations p. 630

 

7 / The Buffalo Time-Step

listing of the documents p. 631

a / 1920s Buffalo Time-Step p. 632

b / 1930s Buffalo Time-Step p. 635

8 / Classic Time-Step Combinations

> variations with the B.S.-Pattern <

listing of the documents p. 639

a / Traveling Time-Step p. 640

b / Double-Buck p. 644

c / Gene Kelly: a special Time-Step Break p. 645

 

9 / B.S.-Break in white show business

listing of the documents p. 647

a / Standard B.S.-Break p. 649

b / Gene Kelly’s B.S.-Break p. 652

c / B.S.-Break with 2 Drawbacks p. 658

d / the ‘sand’ version p. 659

e / individual versions p. 660

10 / The 1930s B.S.-Break

definition: the Maxieford in this version of the B.S.-Break is executed as a basic-original

listing of the documents p. 661

documents p. 662

11 / 1930s Rhythm B.S.-Break

Definition: the B.S.-Pattern may be executed like in any Time-Step: single, double or triple, all three versions can de done as basic or full. The second part of the break - based on the basic original Maxieford - is now executed as a rhythm-pattern. This rhythm-pattern was the most popular ending of all of the 1930s Rhythm- or Jazz-Breaks. If needed, it may done with a change of foot.

listing of the documents p. 667

a1 / Single p. 670

a2 / B.S-Pattern (Single) + Rhythm-Pattern (original Maxieford) > CHANGE p. 674

b1 / Basic Double p. 678

b2 / Double p. 679

c1 / Basic Triple p. 681

c2 / B.S-Pattern (Basic-Triple) + Rhythm ending > CHANGE p. 683

c3 / Basic-Triple > special p. 684

c4 / Triple p. 685

 

12 / The B.S.-Break with Lazy Maxieford

listing of the documents p. 687

a / Standard 1920s B.S.-Break p. 689

b / Basic 1920s B.S.-Break p. 695

c / 1930s B.S.-Break > Basic Triple p. 696

d / 1930s B.S.-Break > Specials p. 697

 

13 / B.S.-Break with No-Toe Maxieford

documents p. 698

 

14 / 1920s>30s B.S.-Break

Definition: in the first part the B.S.-Pattern is treated with two of the possibilities of the 1930s variations, triple and basic triple. The Basic-Triple version is largely the most popular. The second part features the usual Maxieford, with more or less pullbacks.

documents p. 700

 

15 / Additional Sounds into count 4

Definition: after the hop on count 3 and before the stamp on count 4 additional sound may be added: just a pullback on the R foot, just a toe before the stamp, or a toe in back - followed by the pull and the stamp or a brush IN from back - followed as well by the pull and the stamp.

documents p. 702

 

16 / B.S.-Break with Waltzclog

Definition: counts 4 to 6 are held by a Waltzclog Time-Step: single, double, and even triple. We can also consider that coming out of the B.S-Pattern we do the beginning of a Time-Step. Looking at it from this angle, the beginning of the Time-Step followed by a Waltzclog Time-Step would therefore be a Changeover Time-Step…

listing of the documents p. 705

a1 / with Waltzclog p. 707

a2 / with Waltzclog > not changing feet at the end p. 709

b1 / with Waltz-Step & Pullback p. 711

b1 / with Waltz-Step & Pullback > not changing feet at the end p. 713

c / a Combination: B.S.-Pattern into Changeover Time-Step p. 713

 

17 / The B.S.-Break starting with the Sand-Pattern

listing of the documents p. 715

a1 / Sand-Pattern into Professional Maxieford p. 717

a2 / Sand-Pattern into Standard Maxieford p. 718

a3 / Sand-Pattern into Lazy Maxieford p. 719

a4 / Sand-Pattern into Rudimentary / Professional Maxieford p. 721

a5 / with Lazy Maxieford p. 722

b / Sand-Pattern with Waltzclog p. 722

c / Sand-Pattern + individual endings p. 723

d / Special: Sand-Pattern with Lazy Time-Step p. 724

18 / Break > B.S.-Pattern into Time-Step

Definition: the end of the B.S.-Pattern (the hop on count 3) is the downbeat of a Time-Step, which - of course - in many of the possible ways: single, double, triple etc.

listing of the documents p. 725

> into Single, Double-, Vaudeville-, Triple-, Single-Triple Time-Step p. 726

 

19 / The Military B.S.-Pattern

a / The B.S.-Break starting with a Roll

listing of the documents p. 731

1 / 1920s Style / 2a / 1930s Style p. 732

2b / 1930s Rhythm-Style p. 733

2c / 1930s Rhythm-Style > CHANGE p. 734

3 / into Waltzclog p. 735

4 / into Time-Step p. 736

b / a special syncopated combination

documents p. 737

c / a special Hal Leroy combination p. 739

20 / The B.S.-Break finishing with a Roll

documents p. 740

21 / B.S.-Break with individual endings

listing of the documents p. 741

documents p. 742

 22 / Time-Step Break: Time-Step + B.S.-Pattern

listing of documents p. 745

a / with regular Time-Step p. 747

b / with One-Foot Time-Step p. 751

c / Special Time-Step + B.S.-Pattern p. 752

d / various combinations p. 754

23 / 2 B.S.-Patterns: B.S.-2 Break

Definition: the B.S.-Pattern is executed 2 times. The end of the second execution is the beginning of a Time-Step Break-Pattern. The Time-Step Break-Pattern is what you do in any Time-Step Break on counts 4 to 7.

listing of the documents p. 757

a1 / B.S.-2 Break with the Old-Break Pattern p. 758

a2 / special p. 762

a3 / B.S.-2 Break with the Round-Break Pattern p. 762

a4 / B.S.-2 Break with individual ending p. 763

a5 / B.S.-2 Break into One-Foot Time-Step p. 764

b / B.S.-2 Break specials p. 765

c / B.S.-2 Full-Break p. 766

24 / 4 B.S.-Patterns

documents p. 767

25 / Full-Break with B.S.-Pattern

listing of the documents p. 771

a / Softshoe-Break / b / Vaudeville-Break p. 773

c / Vaudeville-Break into B.S-Pattern + Time-Step:

c1 / ending with One-Foot Time-Step p. 774

c2 / ending with Regular Time-Step p. 775

d / Vaudeville-Break into B.S-Pattern + Time-Step Break-Pattern ending:

d1 / with Old-Break ending p. 776

d2 / with Round-Break ending p. 778

d3 / with 4-count Irish / d4 / with individual endings p. 779

e / Vaudeville-Break beginning into 1930s B.S-Pattern p. 780

f / Vaudeville-Break beginning on count 2 p. 781

26 / Classic Tap-Combinations with B.S.-Pattern

listing of the documents p. 782

a / Buffalo / b / Charleston p. 783

c / Grapevine p. 784

d / Jazz-Break / e / Rolling Shuffle-Pull-Change p. 785

f / individual combinations p. 786

27 / The B.S.-Pattern in 3/4-time

> like a Waltzclog <

listing of documents p. 789

28 / Hitch-Kicks > 3 < & Leap-Over

listing of the documents p. 792

a / leap-over p. 793

b / leap-over with touch p. 794

c / leap-over with step p. 795

d / slide-in & leap-over p. 796

e / slide-in with toe p. 797

f / with Standard Over-The-Top p. 798

g / mixed techniques p. 798

h / individual combinations p. 802

29  / Single Leap-Over

listing of the documents p. 806

a / Single Leap-Over p. 809

b / Individual Combinations p. 813

c1 / single / triple p. 814

c2 / single with toe / triple p. 815

d / Leap Over as Over-The-Top (and Syncopated Glide) p. 816

e / Leap Over as Over-The-Top & Pattern p. 817

f / Leap Over with taps p. 818

g / Individual Leap Over p. 819

30 / Standard Over-The-Top starting with additional sounds

listing of the documents p. 821

a / with Toe p. 822

b / with Shuffle p. 824

31 / Over-The-Top finishing with Shuffle

listing of the documents p. 829

documents p. 831

32 / Original Over-The-Top > Sliding

listing of the documents p. 842

documents p. 843

33 / One Foot Over-The-Top

listing of the documents p. 851

a / Leap-Over p. 853

b / leap-over with brush-hop p. 858

c / leap-over with brush-hop & toe p. 860

d / step & over p. 863

e / step & over with wing p. 865

f / Basic Over-The-Top/ g / Brush-Hop Over-The-Top p. 866

h / Brush-Hop Over-The-Top with Wing p. 870

i / individual versions p. 871

34 / Back-Front Over-The-Top

listing of the documents p. 872

1 / stationarya / Leap-Over p. 874

b / foot on floor p. 875

c / foot on floor & 1 additional sound p. 876

d / foot on floor & 2 additional sounds p. 876

2 / Over-The-Top Travela / leap-over / b / keeping the foot on floor p. 877

c / Original Over-The-Top p. 882

d / special p. 883

35 / Over-The-Top Combinations

listing of the documents p. 885

1 / Corkscrew Over-The-Topa / Standard Combination p. 890

b / Individual Combinations p. 893

c / Leap-Over p. 897

d / Corkscrew-Twist in front p. 897

2 / Fake-Wing p. 898

3 / Falling-Down-The-Stairs p. 899

4 / Falling-Off-A-Loga / with Leap-Over p. 901

… in books p. 902

b / with Over-The-Top p. 903

5 /  Irish p. 905

6 / Maxieford & Over-The-Top p. 906

7 / Mule-Kick & Over-The-Top p. 908

8 / Over-The-Top Turn p. 909

9 / Russian p. 909

10 / Wing & Over-The-Topa / the great classic p. 910

b / Wing & OTT Combination (2) p. 919

c / Wing-Change p. 921

d / Wing-Change (2) p. 923

e / Other Wing & OTT Combinations p. 924

f / Individual Wing & OTT Combinations p. 927

36 / Over-The-Top Specials

> additional sounds before going over < 

listing of the documents p. 932

a / Two times Touch or Toe p. 933

b / brush back & touch / toe p. 939

c / mixed p. 943

d / special p. 943

37 / Individual Combinations with Over-The Top

listing of the documents p. 944

documents p. 946

38 / Over-The-Top & Syncopated-Glide

> streamline <

definition: the Syncopated Glide is executed with a pick and hop on a straight downstage-upstage line.

documents p. 964

39 / Over-The-Top & Syncopated-Glide > specials <

documents p. 968

40 / The Original Syncopated-Glide

listing of the documents p. 972

a / Syncopated-Glide / Trenches / Finishing-Break p. 975

b / 3x Syncopated-Glide + Finishing-Break p. 984

c / Syncopated-Glide / Trenches p. 993

d / … just the Syncopated Glide p. 996

e / in books p. 1002

f / with two picks p. 1003

g / with one pick p. 1004

h / alternative technique p. 1005

41 / Rhythmic Evolutions of the Syncopated-Glide

listing of the documents p. 1006

a / starting with shuffle p. 1012

b / starting with shuffle & shuffle first part p. 1018

c / starting with shuffle & shuffle 2nd part p. 1021

d / shuffle 1st part p. 1022

e / shuffle 2nd part p. 1026

f1 / shuffle 1st & 2nd part p. 1032

f2 / shuffle 1st & 2nd part > swing rhythm < p. 1036

g / with 3 shuffles p. 1037

h / with Maxieford > first part p. 1038

i / with Maxieford > first part & shuffle > 2nd part p. 1041

j /  with Maxieford > 2nd part p. 1042

k / with Flying Shuffle p. 1043

i / filled-in p. 1043

42 / Syncopated-Glide Break

listing of the documents p. 1047

a / standard p. 1049

b / specials p. 1052

c / with shuffles on the R & L foot p. 1055

d / with shuffles on L foot p. 1056

e / with shuffles on R foot p. 1056

f / variation with 3 shuffles p. 1057

g / starting with Maxieford p. 1058

h / filled-in: all shuffles p. 1059

43 / Maxieford Xed in front > Maxieford Over-The-Top <

listing of the documents p. 1062

1 / Buck-And-Wing Combination p. 1065

2 / Syncopated Glide

a / Maxieford at the beginning p. 1067

b / Maxieford at the beginning > Syncopated Glide Break < p. 1070

c / Maxieford at the end p. 1071

d / Maxieford at the end > individual version p. 1072

3 / Maxieford-Break

a / 2nd Maxieford as Over-The-Top p. 1073

b / Individual Pattern 2nd Maxieford as Over-The-Top p. 1074

c / both Maxiefords as Over-The-Top p. 1074

4 / Henry LeTang p. 1075

5 / 3/4-Time p. 1078

6 / as Half-Break p. 1078

7 / Individual Combination p. 1079

8 / Rhythm-Maxieford Xed in front > into Over-The-Top p. 1080

44 / Over-The-Top & Syncopated-Glide > step down & over <

listing of the documents p. 1082

A / 1920s Style

1 / Over-The-Top p. 1086

2 / Over-The-Top & Syncopated Glidea / standard p. 1090

b / specials p. 1093

3 / Syncopated Glidea / standard p. 1097

b / specials p. 1099

4 / 1920s Style > individual combinations p. 1100

5 / 1920s Style > starting with shufflea / shuffle with R & L foot p. 1101

b / shuffle with R & L foot > spec. p. 1102

c / shuffle with R foot only p. 1103

6 / special > step & over on the wall < p. 1106

7 / Easy Versions p. 1108

8 / 1920s Chorus-Girls’ Variation p. 1110

B / Rhythm-Tap p. 1114

45 / Over-The-Top & Syncopated-Glide > Jive <

listing of the documents p. 1116

a / with a toe p. 1118

b / with a brush p. 1120

c / Song-And-Dance Over-The Top … all brushes p. 1124

d / variations p. 1126

46 / Over-The Top & Syncopated-Glide with Waltzclog 

listing of the documents p. 1127

a / Bandy-Twist Over-The-Top / full p. 1128

2 / frame p. 1135

b / Over-The-Top Imitations p. 1136

c / Gene Kelly’s Buck-And-Wing p. 1138

d / Gene Kelly’s Bandy-Twist Over-The-Top p. 1138

47 / 4-count Pattern & Syncopated Glide

listing of the documents p. 1139

4-count Patterns from A to Z:

1 / Air-Split p. 1150

2 / Bells p. 1151

3 / Brush-Hop Swing witha /Stamp-Roll p. 1151 

b /Roll & Alternative Pattern p. 1155

c /Alternative Combination p. 1157

> filling in the spot of the syncopated glide <

d / Pattern without Roll p. 1157

e / Stamp-Roll & Pick-Hop-Toe-Hop p. 1159

f /Stamp-Roll & Pick-Hop-Toe-Hop-Toe p. 1160

> triplet <

g / Stamp-Roll & Pick-Hop-Toe-Hop p. 1162

> specials <

4 / Brush-Hop Swinga / starting with Brush forward p. 1164

b / starting with Brush back p. 1165

c / alternative combinations p. 1166

> filling in the spot of the syncopated glide <

5 / Cincinnatia / standard

b / Cincinnati-Specials > alternatives p. 1170

filling in the spot of the syncopated glide <

6 / Essence p. 1172

7 / Falling-Down-The-Stairs p. 1172

8 / Hitch-Kicka / Hitch-Kicks & Over-The-Top p. 1173

b / Hitch-Kick-And-Run Classic p. 1174

9 / Machine-Gun Break p. 1175

10 / Maxieford-Breaka / Basic Maxieford-Break p. 1176

b / Professional Maxieford-Break p. 1177

c / Offbeat Maxieford-Break p. 1179

d / Original Maxieford-Break p. 1180

11 / Mule-Kick p. 1181

12 / Running-Patterna / standard p. 1182

 b / Special p. 1185

13 / Shuffle-Pull-Changea / standard p. 1186

b / Shuffle-Pull-Change > special p. 1193

14 / Running-Pattern > Syncopated- Glide Turn < p. 1194

set-up: a / 4 + 4 counts - b / 5 + 3 counts - c / 4 + 3 counts - d / mixed counts

techniques:

1 / with Scratch-Wing Trenches

2 / with Rip

3 /  with Shuffles in Triplets

4 / with Shuffle-Pulls

15 / Shuffle & Hopa / Shuffle & Hop p. 1204

b / Shuffle-Pull-Hop p. 1206

16 / Shuf-Pull-Fle-Hop p. 1208

17 / Swing-Kick p. 1211

18 / Syncopated Kick-Upa / more or less standard p. 1213

b / Specials starting with a riff p. 1217

c / various beginningsor endings p. 1220

d / binary rhythm p. 1222

e / Syncopated Hitch-Kick p. 1224

19 / Syncopated Jump + ClickAIR >  special < p. 1226

20 / Toe in backa / standard p. 1226

b / various rhythms p. 1129

c / with Touch in back p. 1234

20 / Toestandsa / Jump up into Toestand p. 1236

b / Toestand R/L > special Fayard Nicholas p. 1239

c / Hop up on Toe p. 1242

21 /  Wing-Patterna / Double-Wing p. 1243

b / Pendulum-Wing p. 1244

c / Wing-Changep. 1249

d - Wing-Change with Brush or Toe p. 1250

22 / Individual No-Name Patterns p. 1252

23 / 8-Bar Combinations p. 1261

48 / 4-count Pattern & Over-The-Top

listing of the documents p. 1277

a / Jive-Wing p. 1278

b / Maxieford-Break p. 1279

c / Run p. 1281

49 / Shave-And-A-Haircut… and other Finishing-Breaks

General infomations p. 1283

listing of all elementsa / beginnings p. 1283

b / endings p. 1284

Repertory of the most popular versions p. 1287

THE DOC > all possible combinations found p. 1295

(almost 200 pages)

 

UPDATED:2021-10-30 10:41:00

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